Class: Sketchup::ComponentInstance

Inherits:
Drawingelement show all

Overview

The ComponentInstance class is used to represent component instances of a component definition or components that have been dragged from the Component Browser and placed (thus, instanced) within the Model. Therefore, the ComponentInstance class contains a reference to a corresponding ComponentDefinition object and a Transformation object (which contains the location of the component in the Drawing Window).

Starting from SketchUp 2018+, the ComponentInstance class contains default attributes when created or imported. The attributes are: “Owner”, “Status”. See the Help article for more information. The dictionary cannot be deleted via ruby and an @raise ArgumentError will be raised. The key/value pairs in the dictionary can be deleted safely.

Version:

  • SketchUp 6.0

Instance Method Summary # collapse

Methods inherited from Drawingelement

#bounds, #casts_shadows=, #casts_shadows?, #erase!, #hidden=, #hidden?, #layer, #layer=, #material, #material=, #receives_shadows=, #receives_shadows?, #visible=, #visible?

Methods inherited from Entity

#attribute_dictionaries, #attribute_dictionary, #delete_attribute, #deleted?, #entityID, #get_attribute, #inspect, #model, #parent, #persistent_id, #set_attribute, #to_s, #typename, #valid?

Instance Method Details

#add_observer(observer) ⇒ Boolean

The add_observer method is used to add an observer to the current object.

Examples:

entities = Sketchup.active_model.entities
definition = Sketchup.active_model.definitions[0]
transformation = Geom::Transformation.new([0,0,0])
componentinstance = entities.add_instance(definition, transformation)
status = componentinstance.add_observer observer

Parameters:

  • observer (Object)

    An observer.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    true if successful, false if unsuccessful.

Version:

  • SketchUp 6.0

#definitionSketchup::ComponentDefinition

The definition method is used to retrieve the component definition for this component instance.

Examples:

# First create an instance for us to look at.
entities = Sketchup.active_model.entities
definition = Sketchup.active_model.definitions[0]
transformation = Geom::Transformation.new([0,0,0])
componentinstance = entities.add_instance(definition, transformation)

# You can get an instance's definition with this method.
definition = componentinstance.definition

Returns:

Version:

  • SketchUp 6.0

#definition=(definition) ⇒ Sketchup::ComponentDefinition

The definition= method is used to set the component definition for this component.

This method causes the instance to use a different definition, but it will use the same transformation to position it in the Model.

Examples:

# Assumes that the active model contains two different components.
instance1 = Sketchup.active_model.entities[0]
instance2 = Sketchup.active_model.entities[1]

# Grab handles to our two definitions.
definition1 = instance1.definition
definition2 = instance2.definition

# Replace 2nd instance with the 1st definition.
instance2.definition = definition1

Parameters:

Returns:

Version:

  • SketchUp 6.0

#equals?(instance) ⇒ Boolean

The equals? method is used to determine if a component instance is geometrically equivalent to another instance.

Examples:

entities = Sketchup.active_model.entities
instance1 = entities[0]
instance2 = entities[1]
status = instance1.equals?(instance2)

Parameters:

Returns:

  • (Boolean)
  • (Boolean)

Version:

  • SketchUp 8.0

#explodeArray<Sketchup:Entity>

The explode method is used to explode the component instance into separate entities.

Examples:

# Assuming 'instance' is a ComponentInstance object
array = instance.explode
if array
  UI.messagebox "Exploded the component instance"
else
  UI.messagebox "Failure"
end

Returns:

  • (Array<Sketchup:Entity>)

    An array of entity objects if successful, false if unsuccessful

Version:

  • SketchUp 6.0

#glued_toSketchup::Face?

The glued_to method is used to retrieve the entity that this instance is glued to.

Returns nil if it is not glued to anything.

Examples:

point = Geom::Point3d.new 10,20,30
transform = Geom::Transformation.new point
model = Sketchup.active_model
entities = model.active_entities
path = Sketchup.find_support_file "Bed.skp",
  "Components/Components Sampler/"
definitions = model.definitions
componentdefinition = definitions.load path
instance = entities.add_instance componentdefinition, transform
status = instance.glued_to

Returns:

  • (Sketchup::Face, nil)

    the Entity object that the instance is glued to (if successful)

Version:

  • SketchUp 6.0

#glued_to=(face) ⇒ Sketchup::Face?

The glued_to= method glues this instance to a face.

This method will raise an exception if the instance cannot be glued to the given face. Instances cannot be glued if the definition of the instance doesn't support gluing or if the alignment is wrong.

Examples:

depth = 100
width = 100
path=Sketchup.find_support_file "Bed.skp",
  "Components/Components Sampler/"
model = Sketchup.active_model
entities = model.active_entities
pts = []
pts[0] = [0, 0, 0]
pts[1] = [width, 0, 0]
pts[2] = [width, depth, 0]
pts[3] = [0, depth, 0]
# Add the face to the entities in the model
face = entities.add_face pts
point = Geom::Point3d.new 10,10,0
transform = Geom::Transformation.new point
definitions = model.definitions
componentdefinition = definitions.load path
instance = entities.add_instance componentdefinition, transform
begin
  status = instance.glued_to = face
rescue
  UI.messagebox $!.message
end
if (status)
  UI.messagebox status.to_s
else
  UI.messagebox "Failure"
end

Parameters:

Returns:

  • (Sketchup::Face, nil)
    • the Face object where the component is glued if

    successful

Version:

  • SketchUp 6.0

#guidString

The guid method is used to get the base 64 encoded unique id for this SketchUp object.

Examples:

entities = Sketchup.active_model.entities
definition = Sketchup.active_model.definitions[0]
transformation = Geom::Transformation.new([0,0,0])
componentinstance = entities.add_instance(definition, transformation)
guid = componentinstance.guid

Returns:

  • (String)

    a unique 22 character string

Version:

  • SketchUp 2014

#intersect(instance) ⇒ Sketchup::Group?

The intersect method is used to compute the boolean intersection of two instances representing manifold solid volumes (this - arg). If the specified objects (this and arg) do not represent manifold volumes, this method fails.

Examples:

entities = Sketchup.active_model.entities
instance1 = entities[0]
instance2 = entities[1]
result = instance1.intersect(instance2)

Parameters:

Returns:

  • (Sketchup::Group, nil)

    The resultant group if the two objects (this and arg) represent manifold solids and the operation succeeds otherwise nil is returned.

Version:

  • SketchUp 8.0

#locked=(lock) ⇒ Boolean

The locked= method is used to lock a component instance.

Examples:

entities = Sketchup.active_model.entities
definition = Sketchup.active_model.definitions[0]
transformation = Geom::Transformation.new([0,0,0])
componentinstance = entities.add_instance(definition, transformation)
status = componentinstance.locked = true

Parameters:

  • lock (Boolean)

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    true if the component instance is locked. False if the instance is not locked.

Version:

  • SketchUp 6.0

#locked?Boolean

The locked? method is used to determine if a component instance is locked.

Examples:

entities = Sketchup.active_model.entities
definition = Sketchup.active_model.definitions[0]
transformation = Geom::Transformation.new([0,0,0])
componentinstance = entities.add_instance(definition, transformation)
status = componentinstance.locked?

Returns:

  • (Boolean)
  • (Boolean)

Version:

  • SketchUp 6.0

#make_uniqueBoolean

The make_unique method is used to create a component definition for this instance that is not used by any other instances.

Examples:

point = Geom::Point3d.new 10,20,30
transform = Geom::Transformation.new point
model = Sketchup.active_model
entities = model.active_entities

path = Sketchup.find_support_file "Bed.skp",
  "Components/Components Sampler/"
definitions = model.definitions
componentdefinition = definitions.load path
instance = entities.add_instance componentdefinition, transform
# Returns unique component instance
status = instance.make_unique

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    true if successful, false if unsuccessful

Version:

  • SketchUp 6.0

#manifold?Boolean

The manifold? method is used to determine if an instance is manifold.

Examples:

entities = Sketchup.active_model.entities
definition = Sketchup.active_model.definitions[0]
transformation = Geom::Transformation.new([0,0,0])
componentinstance = entities.add_instance(definition, transformation)
status = componentinstance.manifold?

Returns:

  • (Boolean)
  • (Boolean)

Version:

  • SketchUp 8.0

#move!(transform) ⇒ Boolean

The move! method is the same as the transform! method, except that it does not record the move as an undo operation.

This method is useful for moving entities inside of an animation or page transition.

Examples:

entities = Sketchup.active_model.entities
definition = Sketchup.active_model.definitions[0]
transformation = Geom::Transformation.new([0,0,0])
componentinstance = entities.add_instance(definition, transformation)
new_transformation = Geom::Transformation.new([100,0,0])
componentinstance.move! new_transformation

Parameters:

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    true if successful, false if unsuccessful

Version:

  • SketchUp 6.0

#nameString

The name method is used to get the name of this instance.

Examples:

entities = Sketchup.active_model.entities
definition = Sketchup.active_model.definitions[0]
transformation = Geom::Transformation.new([0,0,0])
componentinstance = entities.add_instance(definition, transformation)
name = componentinstance.name

Returns:

  • (String)

    the string name of the ComponentInstance

Version:

  • SketchUp 6.0

#name=(name) ⇒ Sketchup::ComponentInstance

The name method is used to set the name of this instance.

Examples:

entities = Sketchup.active_model.entities
definition = Sketchup.active_model.definitions[0]
transformation = Geom::Transformation.new([0,0,0])
componentinstance = entities.add_instance(definition, transformation)
componentinstance.name = "Sang"

Parameters:

  • name (String)

    the string name to set

Returns:

Version:

  • SketchUp 6.0

#outer_shell(instance) ⇒ Sketchup::Group?

The outer_shell method is used to compute the outer shell of the two instances representing manifold solid volumes (this || arg). If the specified objects (this and arg) do not represent manifold volumes, this method fails.

Examples:

entities = Sketchup.active_model.entities
instance1 = entities[0]
instance2 = entities[1]
result = instance1.outer_shell(instance2)

Parameters:

Returns:

  • (Sketchup::Group, nil)

    The resultant group if the two objects (this and arg) represent manifold solids and the operation succeeds otherwise nil is returned.

Version:

  • SketchUp 8.0

#remove_observer(observer) ⇒ Boolean

The remove_observer method is used to remove an observer from the current object.

Examples:

entities = Sketchup.active_model.entities
definition = Sketchup.active_model.definitions[0]
transformation = Geom::Transformation.new([0,0,0])
componentinstance = entities.add_instance(definition, transformation)
status = componentinstance.remove_observer observer

Parameters:

  • observer (Object)

    An observer.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    true if successful, false if unsuccessful.

Version:

  • SketchUp 6.0

#show_differences(instance, verbose) ⇒ Boolean

The show_differences method is used to determine if a component instance is geometrically equivalent to another instance and in addition move the non- matching and matching geometry to new layers.

This method will move both instances to Layer0. Geometry that is the same in both components will be moved to a new layer named def_name + “_same”. Geometry that is not the same will be moved to a layer named def_name + “_diff”.

If verbose is true, a list of all the geometry that is different from one component to the other is displayed texturally in the Ruby Console.

Examples:

entities = Sketchup.active_model.entities
instance1 = entities[0]
instance2 = entities[1]
status = instance1.show_differences(instance2, true)

Parameters:

  • instance (Sketchup::ComponentInstance)

    The instance to be compared with.

  • verbose (Boolean)

    A boolean flag indicating whether to display a textural report of the found differences to the Ruby console.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    true if the instances are geometrically equivalent, otherwise false.

Version:

  • SketchUp 8.0

#split(instance) ⇒ Array(Sketchup::Group, Sketchup::Group, Sketchup::Group)

The split method is used to compute the boolean split (map overlay)of the two instances representing manifold solid volumes (this - arg). If the specified objects (this and arg) do not represent manifold volumes, this method fails.

Examples:

entities = Sketchup.active_model.entities
instance1 = entities[0]
instance2 = entities[1]
result = instance1.split(instance2)

Parameters:

Returns:

  • (Array(Sketchup::Group, Sketchup::Group, Sketchup::Group))

    A vector (array) of the three resultant groups if the two objects (this and arg) represent manifold solids and the operation succeeds otherwise nil is returned. The 3 groups are as follows: The intersection of volume 1 & volume 2, the difference of volume 1 minus volume 2, and the reverse difference of volume 2 minus volume 1.

Version:

  • SketchUp 8.0

#subtract(instance) ⇒ Sketchup::Group?

The subtract method is used to compute the boolean difference of the two instances representing manifold solid volumes (this - arg). If the specified objects (this and arg) do not represent manifold volumes, this method fails.

Examples:

entities = Sketchup.active_model.entities
instance1 = entities[0]
instance2 = entities[1]
result = instance1.subtract(instance2)

Parameters:

Returns:

  • (Sketchup::Group, nil)

    The resultant group if the two objects (this and arg) represent manifold solids and the operation succeeds otherwise nil is returned.

Version:

  • SketchUp 8.0

#transform!(transform) ⇒ Boolean

Apply a Geom::Transformation to a component instance.

Examples:

entities = Sketchup.active_model.entities
definition = Sketchup.active_model.definitions[0]
transformation = Geom::Transformation.new([0, 0, 0])
componentinstance = entities.add_instance(definition, transformation)
new_transformation = Geom::Transformation.new([100, 0, 0])
componentinstance.transform! new_transformation

Parameters:

  • transform (Geom::Transformation)

    The transformation object to apply to the component instance.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

Version:

  • SketchUp 6.0

#transformationGeom::Transformation

The transformation method is used to retrieve the transformation of this instance.

Examples:

entities = Sketchup.active_model.entities
definition = Sketchup.active_model.definitions[0]
transformation = Geom::Transformation.new([0,0,0])
componentinstance = entities.add_instance(definition, transformation)
t = componentinstance.transformation

Returns:

Version:

  • SketchUp 6.0

#transformation=(transformation) ⇒ Sketchup::ComponentInstance

The transformation= method is used to set the transformation on this instance.

Examples:

entities = Sketchup.active_model.entities
definition = Sketchup.active_model.definitions[0]
transformation = Geom::Transformation.new([0,0,0])
componentinstance = entities.add_instance(definition, transformation)
new_transformation = Geom::Transformation.new([100,0,0])
componentinstance.transformation = new_transformation

Parameters:

Returns:

Version:

  • SketchUp 6.0

#trim(instance) ⇒ Sketchup::Group?

The trim method is used to compute the (non-destructive) boolean difference of the two instances representing manifold solid volumes (this - arg). If the specified objects (this and arg) do not represent manifold volumes, this method fails.

Examples:

entities = Sketchup.active_model.entities
instance1 = entities[0]
instance2 = entities[1]
result = instance1.trim(instance2)

Parameters:

Returns:

  • (Sketchup::Group, nil)

    The resultant group if the two objects (this and arg) represent manifold solids and the operation succeeds otherwise nil is returned.

Version:

  • SketchUp 8.0

#union(instance) ⇒ Sketchup::Group?

The union method is used to compute the boolean union of the two instances representing manifold solid volumes (this | arg). If the specified objects (this and arg) do not represent manifold volumes, this method fails.

Examples:

entities = Sketchup.active_model.entities
instance1 = entities[0]
instance2 = entities[1]
result = instance1.union(instance2)

Parameters:

Returns:

  • (Sketchup::Group, nil)

    The resultant group if the two objects (this and arg) represent manifold solids and the operation succeeds otherwise nil is returned.

Version:

  • SketchUp 8.0

#volumeFloat

The volume method is used to compute the volume of this instance if and only if this instance is manifold.

Examples:

entities = Sketchup.active_model.entities
definition = Sketchup.active_model.definitions[0]
transformation = Geom::Transformation.new([0,0,0])
componentinstance = entities.add_instance(definition, transformation)
volume = componentinstance.volume

Returns:

  • (Float)

    If the instance represents a manifold volume, volume will be a positive value. If volume is negative, the instance is not manifold.

Version:

  • SketchUp 8.0